伪经的著述-Writings of the Apocrypha
伪经的著述-Writings of the Apocrypha
The historical record of the Old Testament, as presently divided, is composed of 39 separate writings. In the presentation thus far, the contents of these various writings have been integrated into one continuous narrative—arranged, to the degree possible, in the chronological order of their occurrence. The events span the period from creation to approximately 425 B.C. Not until approximately 5 B.C. will any further events be recorded in any scriptural writings. These accounts will be contained in the New Testament, which is itself a collection of 27 different writings.
Over the next four to six centuries, many other historical and religious documents pertaining to the Jews will be written. Therefore it cannot be said that there are no historical records of the Jews arising out of this period. When it is said that the historical record of Scripture lies silent during this time, emphasis is being placed on the word Scripture. The so-called apocryphal or “hidden” writings of this period are not accepted as Scripture by all believers.
Jumping several centuries ahead, the inclusion of these writings will begin with the Greek version of the Old Testament—the Septuagint—which will be widely used in the first century. The Apocrypha will then be adopted as part of the Latin Vulgate, edited by Jerome in about A.D. 400. In more modern times, all English versions of the Bible from A.D. 1382 down to and including the original King James Version of A.D. 1611 will contain the apocryphal writings. In the earlier Greek and Latin versions, the apocryphal writings are interspersed with the other Old Testament writings. In his German Bible of 1534, Luther will collect them into a unified supplement and present them at the end of the Old Testament. The Catholic English version retains the more scattered format even until now, but most Protestant versions will drop the Apocrypha altogether, beginning about A.D. 1629.
In the view of those who reject their inclusion in scriptural canon, the apocryphal writings do not meet the test of having originated from divine inspiration. The Apocrypha are never included in the Hebrew Old Testament, and the Jews do not accept these writings as part of their approved Scriptures. In fact, Hebrew manuscripts of most of the apocryphal writings are not even to be found. It is perhaps significant that several of the writings reflect notions of mysticism and demonology apparently traceable to Persian influences during the Jewish dispersion and arguably inconsistent with either Jewish or later Christian beliefs.
Despite their current lack of credibility among a large segment of believers, these disputed writings are generally moral in nature and do give insight into some of the history, customs, and religious developments of the Jews during this intertestamental period. The following 14 writings, briefly summarized at this point, comprise the so-called Apocrypha. Although most of them emerge from 300 B.C. to A.D. 100, several refer back to earlier times and assume various specific historical contexts.
From these writings and the historical records of other nations over the next four centuries, something of the Jews’ continued development, as both a nation and a dispersed people, can be pieced together.
By: Lydia ٩(●˙▿˙●)۶…⋆ฺ
No Bible Verse 🙂 莫有经文:)