9月26日-Preaching of Haggai and Zechariah


哈该和撒迦利亚的讲道-Preaching of Haggai and Zechariah

哈该和撒迦利亚的讲道-Preaching of Haggai and Zechariah

From this point on, finishing the temple ought to be easy. But the cessation of official opposition does not eliminate all the problems besetting the project. The people of Israel themselves are still part of the problem. They are having droughts and famine and are putting off work on the temple until they are prosperous enough to give it their attention.

The two men who come to the rescue of the temple project are Haggai and Zechariah, both prophets of God. Little is known about Haggai, but it is surmised that he is one of the exiles who remembers the former temple before its destruction. If so, he is probably at least 75 years old. His very young associate, Zechariah, was evidently born in Babylonia into the priestly family of Iddo, his grandfather. It was Haggai and Zechariah, of course, who had initiated the renewal of the work which led to Tattenai’s letter and Darius’ decree. Now, over a four-month period, they will continue to encourage the construction effort.

Through Haggai, God tells the people why they have been facing such economic problems. It is because they have set their own selfish interests as the highest priority rather than totally committing themselves to construction of the temple. This message comes to Haggai in the summer of 520 B.C. It is addressed to Zerubbabel, who has become governor, and Joshua (Jeshua) the high priest, but it is meant for all the people.

Within three weeks the people respond favorably to Haggai’s preaching and the work is renewed in earnest.

A month later God asks Haggai to address the concern of the older exiles, who had wept when the temple foundation was laid. Remembering the beauty of the great temple of Solomon, they know that its replacement will be smaller and less ornate. God’s words of comfort are perhaps messianic in nature. He promises that, even though the architectural appointments will not compare with those of Solomon’s temple, God will one day fill this new temple with an even greater glory. Perhaps the message alludes symbolically to another temple, or possibly to the fact that the Messiah will personally walk through the very building they are now erecting.

In the next month Zechariah is given a brief message for the people to remind them how their forefathers had fallen time and again into sinful practices. Now that the work on the temple is underway, there can be no turning back, except a turning back to God.

At the end of the following month Haggai continues Zechariah’s theme. Haggai contends that the temple workers cannot claim to be righteous simply because they are working on the house of the Lord. In fact, if their personal lives are not holy, their involvement in the temple’s construction will actually desecrate the holy sanctuary. Haggai brings his lessons in the form of two hypothetical questions to the priests.

Later in the same day God brings a special message, ostensibly for Zerubbabel the governor. However, there is reason to believe that Zerubbabel himself is not being referred to in the prophetic wording, but rather another leader of God’s people—the coming Messiah.

The work on the temple now fully underway, Haggai slips from further notice in the historical record. Brief as his recorded ministry may have been, it has filled a most significant need in the restoration of the nation and its religious life.

# 哈该书(HAG)
## 哈该责犹大人延不建殿
[1:1] 大利乌王第二年六月初一日,耶和华的话藉先知哈该,向犹大省长撒拉铁的儿子所罗巴伯,和约撒答的儿子大祭司约书亚说:
[1:2] 万军之耶和华如此说:「这百姓说:『建造耶和华殿的时候尚未来到。』」
[1:3] 那时耶和华的话临到先知哈该说:
[1:4] 「这殿仍然荒凉,你们自己还住天花板的房屋吗?
[1:5] 现在万军之耶和华如此说:你们要省察自己的行为。
[1:6] 你们撒的种多,收的却少;你们吃,却不得饱;喝,却不得足;穿衣服,却不得暖;得工钱的,将工钱装在破漏的囊中。」
## 勉其速兴厥工
[1:7] 万军之耶和华如此说:「你们要省察自己的行为。
[1:8] 你们要上山取木料建造这殿,我就因此喜乐,且得荣耀。」这是耶和华说的。
[1:9] 「你们盼望多得,所得的却少;你们收到家中,我就吹去。这是为什么呢?因为我的殿荒凉,你们各人却顾自己的房屋。」这是万军之耶和华说的。
[1:10] 「所以为你们的缘故,天就不降甘露,地也不出土产。
[1:11] 我命干旱临到地土、山冈、五谷、新酒和油,并地上的出产、人民、牲畜,以及人手一切劳碌得来的。」
## 许以主必佑助
[1:12] 那时,撒拉铁的儿子所罗巴伯和约撒答的儿子大祭司约书亚,并剩下的百姓,都听从耶和华他们神的话,和先知哈该奉耶和华他们神差来所说的话;百姓也在耶和华面前存敬畏的心。
[1:13] 耶和华的使者哈该奉耶和华差遣对百姓说:「耶和华说,我与你们同在。」
[1:14] 耶和华激动犹大省长撒拉铁的儿子所罗巴伯和约撒答的儿子大祭司约书亚,并剩下之百姓的心,他们就来为万军之耶和华他们神的殿作工。
[1:15] 这是在大利乌王第二年六月二十四日。
# 哈该书(HAG)
## 示以后建之殿较前建者荣美尤大
[2:1] 七月二十一日,耶和华的话临到先知哈该说:
[2:2] 「你要晓谕犹大省长撒拉铁的儿子所罗巴伯和约撒答的儿子大祭司约书亚,并剩下的百姓说:
[2:3] 『你们中间存留的,有谁见过这殿从前的荣耀呢?现在你们看着如何?岂不在眼中看如无有吗?』」
[2:4] 耶和华说:『所罗巴伯啊,虽然如此,你当刚强!约撒答的儿子大祭司约书亚啊,你也当刚强!这地的百姓,你们都当刚强作工,因为我与你们同在。这是万军之耶和华说的。
[2:5] 这是照着你们出埃及我与你们立约的话。那时,我的灵住在你们中间.你们不要惧怕。』
[2:6] 「万军之耶和华如此说:『过不多时,我必再一次震动天地、沧海与旱地。
[2:7] 我必震动万国。万国的珍宝必都运来,我就使这殿满了荣耀。』这是万军之耶和华说的。
[2:8] 万军之耶和华说:『银子是我的,金子也是我的。
[2:9] 这殿后来的荣耀必大过先前的荣耀。在这地方我必赐平安。』这是万军之耶和华说的。」
## 未建殿以前民所献者不洁故诸事不利
[2:10] 大利乌王第二年九月二十四日,耶和华的话临到先知哈该说:
[2:11] 「万军之耶和华如此说:『你要向祭司问律法说:
[2:12] 若有人用衣襟兜圣肉,这衣襟挨着饼,或汤,或酒,或油,或别的食物,便算为圣吗?』」祭司说:「不算为圣。」
[2:13] 哈该又说:「若有人因摸死尸染了污秽,然后挨着这些物的那一样,这物算污秽吗?」祭司说:「必算污秽。」
[2:14] 于是哈该说:「耶和华说:『这民这国,在我面前也是如此;他们手下的各样工作都是如此;他们在坛上所献的也是如此。
[2:15] 『现在你们要追想此日以前,耶和华的殿没有一块石头垒在石头上的光景。
[2:16] 在那一切日子,有人来到谷堆,想得二十斗,只得了十斗;有人来到酒池,想得五十桶,只得了二十桶。
[2:17] 在你们手下的各样工作上,我以旱风、霉烂、冰雹攻击你们,你们仍不归向我。』这是耶和华说的。
[2:18] 你们要追想此日以前,就是从这九月二十四日起,追想到立耶和华殿根基的日子。
[2:19] 仓里有谷种吗?葡萄树、无花果树、石榴树、橄榄树都没有结果子。「『从今日起,我必赐福与你们。』」
## 主许简所罗巴伯
[2:20] 这月二十四日,耶和华的话二次临到哈该说:
[2:21] 「你要告诉犹大省长所罗巴伯说,我必震动天地;
[2:22] 我必倾覆列国的宝座,除灭列邦的势力,并倾覆战车和坐在其上的。马必跌倒,骑马的败落,各人被弟兄的刀所杀。
[2:23] 「万军之耶和华说:我仆人撒拉铁的儿子所罗巴伯啊,到那日,我必以你为印,因我拣选了你。这是万军之耶和华说的。」
# 撒迦利亚书(ZEC)
## 撒迦利亚劝民归主
[1:1] 大利乌王第二年八月,耶和华的话临到易多的孙子比利家的儿子先知撒迦利亚说:
[1:2] 「耶和华曾向你们列祖大大发怒。
[1:3] 所以你要对以色列人说:万军之耶和华如此说:『你们要转向我,我就转向你们。』」这是万军之耶和华说的。
[1:4] 「不要效法你们列祖。从前的先知呼叫他们说:万军之耶和华如此说:『你们要回头离开你们的恶道恶行!』他们却不听,也不顺从我。这是耶和华说的。
[1:5] 你们的列祖在那里呢?那些先知能永远存活吗?
[1:6] 只是我的言语和律例,就是所吩咐我仆人众先知的,岂不临到你们列祖吗?」他们就回头说:「万军之耶和华定意按我们的行动作为向我们怎样行,他已照样行了。」

By: Lydia ٩(●˙▿˙●)۶…⋆ฺ

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