9月25日-Opposition to Temple’s Construction

以斯拉记

反对修建圣殿-Opposition to Temple’s Construction

反对修建圣殿-Opposition to Temple’s Construction

From 536 B.C. until 522 B.C., work on the temple comes to a halt. The opposition of Israel’s enemies is in part the problem, but another part is the priority given by the settlers to building their own houses and preparing the land for crops. The record of the opposition contains various correspondence between Israel’s enemies and the Persian leaders by whom the resettlement is being permitted. The first formal accusation against Israel is apparently lodged during the reign of Cambyses, who took control of the Persian Empire when his father, Cyrus, died in 530 B.C. Like his father, Cambyses is basically a good man. He is an apt ruler during his seven-year reign. He is referred to in this brief account as Xerxes, a name which applies to his position and is not to be confused with a later Persian ruler better known by that name.

There is no indication that Cambyses takes any official action to stop the reconstruction program. In 525 B.C. he leads his forces into Egypt and takes Memphis from Pharaoh Amasis and his son Psamtik II. This Persian dominance must surely be at least the beginning of the fulfillment of the many prophecies concerning Egypt’s fall. Egypt will come under complete domination during the next six years. While Cambyses is involved in the Egyptian campaign, back home his half-brother, Smerdis, has been killed by Cambyses’ aides to prevent any chance of a coup. However, a Mede by the name of Guamata, claiming to be Smerdis, does in fact lead a revolt and rules for about ten months in 522 B.C. It is this pseudo-Smerdis to whom the historical record evidently refers as Artaxerxes in the following account of the letters between the local commanding officer and this usurper. Again, there should be no confusion between this titular name and the better-known Artaxerxes to come 60 years later.

No sooner has the order to stop construction been given than there is a shake-up in the Persian power structure. When Cambyses dies, near Mount Carmel (possibly by suicide), a distant relative named Darius moves against Guamata and assumes control of the empire here in 522 B.C. Darius moves quickly to pull together his shaky kingdom and creates a code of laws to be enforced throughout his empire. It is not surprising, then, that under circumstances soon to appear Darius is receptive to a plea by the people of Israel to be permitted to continue work on the temple. The issue is raised when the prophets Haggai and Zechariah defy the earlier order of Guamata.

Once again God works through a Persian ruler to implement the promised restoration. The Persian government is even supplying funds for the temple’s construction and the sacrifices to be made in it! This sounds highly unusual, but it is consistent with the Persian policy of promoting polytheism throughout the empire. Darius’ decree suggests that he welcomes the goodwill of any god, including this “God of heaven.”

# 以斯拉记(EZR)
[4:24] 于是,在耶路撒冷神殿的工程就停止了,直停到波斯王大利乌第二年。
# 以斯拉记(EZR)
## 再兴建圣殿之工
[5:1] 那时,先知哈该和易多的孙子撒迦利亚奉以色列神的名,向犹大和耶路撒冷的犹大人说劝勉的话。
[5:2] 于是,撒拉铁的儿子所罗巴伯和约萨达的儿子耶书亚,都起来动手建造耶路撒冷神的殿,有神的先知在那里帮助他们。
[5:3] 当时,河西的总督达乃和示他波斯乃,并他们的同党来问说:「谁降旨让你们建造这殿,修成这墙呢?」
[5:4] 我们便告诉他们,建造这殿的人叫什么名字。
[5:5] 神的眼目看顾犹大的长老,以致总督等没有叫他们停工,直到这事奏告大利乌,得着他的回谕。
## 达乃上本大利乌王
[5:6] 河西的总督达乃和示他波斯乃,并他们的同党,就是住河西的亚法萨迦人,上本奏告大利乌王。
[5:7] 本上写着说:「愿大利乌王诸事平安!
[5:8] 王该知道,我们往犹大省去,到了至大神的殿,这殿是用大石建造的,梁木插入墙内,工作甚速,他们手下亨通。
[5:9] 我们就问那些长老说:『谁降旨让你们建造这殿、修成这墙呢?』
[5:10] 又问他们的名字,要记录他们首领的名字,奏告于王。
[5:11] 他们回答说:『我们是天地之神的仆人,重建前多年所建造的殿,就是以色列的一位大君王建造修成的。
[5:12] 只因我们列祖惹天上的神发怒,神把他们交在迦勒底人巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒的手中,他就拆毁这殿,又将百姓掳到巴比伦。
[5:13] 然而巴比伦王古列元年,他降旨允准建造神的这殿。
[5:14] 神殿中的金,银器皿,就是尼布甲尼撒从耶路撒冷的殿中掠去带到巴比伦庙里的,古列王从巴比伦庙里取出来,交给派为省长的,名叫设巴萨,
[5:15] 对他说:可以将这些器皿带去,放在耶路撒冷的殿中,在原处建造神的殿。
[5:16] 于是,这设巴萨来建立耶路撒冷神殿的根基.这殿从那时直到如今,尚未造成。』」
## 犹太人请稽古列之诏
[5:17] 现在王若以为美,请察巴比伦王的府库,看古列王降旨,允准在耶路撒冷建造神的殿没有。王的心意如何,请降旨晓谕我们。
# 以斯拉记(EZR)
## 大利乌王得先王之诏书
[6:1] 于是,大利乌王降旨,要寻察典籍库内,就是在巴比伦藏宝物之处,
[6:2] 在玛代省亚马他城的宫内寻得一卷,其中记着说:
[6:3] 古列王元年,他降旨论到耶路撒冷神的殿,要建造这殿为献祭之处,坚立殿的根基。殿高六十肘,宽六十肘,
[6:4] 用三层大石头、一层新木头,经费要出于王库。
[6:5] 并且神殿的金银器皿,就是尼布甲尼撒从耶路撒冷的殿中掠到巴比伦的,要归还带到耶路撒冷的殿中,各按原处放在神的殿里。
## 大利乌王命勿拦阻建圣殿
[6:6] 现在河西的总督达乃和示他波斯乃,并你们的同党,就是住河西的亚法萨迦人,你们当远离他们,
[6:7] 不要拦阻神殿的工作,任凭犹大人的省长和犹大人的长老在原处建造神的这殿。
[6:8] 我又降旨,吩咐你们向犹大人的长老为建造神的殿当怎样行,就是从河西的款项中,急速拨取贡银作他们的经费,免得耽误工作。
[6:9] 他们与天上的神献燔祭所需用的公牛犊、公绵羊,绵羊羔,并所用的麦子、盐、酒、油,都要照耶路撒冷祭司的话,每日供给他们,不得有误!
[6:10] 好叫他们献馨香的祭给天上的神,又为王和王众子的寿命祈祷。
[6:11] 我再降旨,无论谁更改这命令,必从他房屋中拆出一根梁来,把他举起,悬在其上,又使他的房屋成为粪堆。
[6:12] 若有王和民伸手更改这命令,拆毁这殿,愿那使耶路撒冷的殿作为他名居所的神,将他们灭绝。我大利乌降这旨意,当速速遵行。
## 圣殿建造完毕
[6:13] 于是,河西总督达乃和示他波斯乃,并他们的同党,因大利乌王所发的命令,就急速遵行。

By: Lydia ٩(●˙▿˙●)۶…⋆ฺ

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