8月10日-The Great Deportation

列王纪下、历代志下、耶利米书、但以理书

大规模驱逐-The Great Deportation
西底家作王-Reign of Zedekiah

大规模驱逐-The Great Deportation

Upon the death of his father, eighteen-year-old Jehoiachin ascends the throne of Judah, but he reigns for only three months. Nebuchadnezzar is not about to allow a second king of Judah to defy him, so he comes to lead the new king away as a captive. Although the historical record indicates that Jehoiachin’s character is as evil as his father’s, in all fairness it may simply be that during his brief reign nothing is done by his queen mother or advisors to alter the wicked course which Jehoiakim had taken. But God knows a man’s heart long before his actions reveal it, and so it is altogether likely that, given enough time, Jehoiachin would have been just like his father. Therefore Jeremiah forewarns Jehoiachin and his mother of their pending fate.

Jehoiachin’s fate is linked to the fate of thousands of God’s people. There have been many deportations already, and more will follow, but this is to be by far the greatest deportation of them all. Significant among the royal and priestly captives is a man by the name of Ezekiel, who will soon be called by God to be a prophet among his fellow captives in Babylonia.

# 列王纪下(2KI)
[24:6] 约雅敬与他列祖同睡,他儿子约雅斤接续他作王。
[24:8] 约雅斤登基的时候,年十八岁,在耶路撒冷作王三个月。他母亲名叫尼护施他,是耶路撒冷人以利拿单的女儿。
# 历代志下(2CH)
[36:8] 约雅敬其余的事和他所行可憎的事,并他一切的行为,都写在以色列和犹大列王记上。他儿子约雅斤接续他作王。
[36:9] 约雅斤登基的时候年八岁,在耶路撒冷作王三个月零十天,行耶和华眼中看为恶的事。(597 B.C.) # 列王纪下(2KI)
[24:9] 约雅斤行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,效法他父亲一切所行的。
# 历代志下(2CH)
[36:9] 约雅斤登基的时候年八岁,在耶路撒冷作王三个月零十天,行耶和华眼中看为恶的事。
# 耶利米书(JER)
## 哥尼雅之祸
[22:24] 耶和华说:「犹大王约雅敬的儿子哥尼雅虽是我右手上带印的戒指,我凭我的永生起誓,也必将你从其上摘下来。
[22:25] 并且我必将你交给寻索你命的人和你所惧怕的人手中,就是巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒和迦勒底人的手中。
[22:26] 我也必将你和生你的母亲赶到别国,并不是你们生的地方,你们必死在那里。
[22:27] 但心中甚想归回之地,必不得归回。」
[22:28] 哥尼雅这人是被轻看、破坏的器皿吗?是无人喜爱的器皿吗?他和他的后裔为何被赶到不认识之地呢?
[22:29] 地啊,地啊,地啊,当听耶和华的话!
[22:30] 耶和华如此说:「要写明这人算为无子,是平生不得亨通的,因为他后裔中再无一人得亨通,能坐在大卫的宝座上治理犹大。」
# 列王纪下(2KI)
## 巴比伦王围攻耶路撒冷
[24:10] 那时,巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒的军兵上到耶路撒冷,围困城。
[24:11] 当他军兵围困城的时候,巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒就亲自来了。
[24:12] 犹大王约雅斤和他母亲、臣仆、首领、太监一同出城,投降巴比伦王,巴比伦王便拿住他。那时是巴比伦王第八年。
# 历代志下(2CH)
[36:10] 过了一年,尼布甲尼撒差遣人将约雅斤和耶和华殿里各样宝贵的器皿带到巴比伦,就立约雅斤的叔叔西底家作犹大和耶路撒冷的王。
# 但以理书(DAN)
## 巴比伦王胜约雅敬
[1:1] 犹大王约雅敬在位第三年,巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒来到耶路撒冷,将城围困。(597 B.C.)
# 列王纪下(2KI)
## 约雅斤与臣民被掳至巴比伦
[24:13] 巴比伦王将耶和华殿和王宫里的宝物都拿去了,将以色列王所罗门所造耶和华殿里的金器都毁坏了,正如耶和华所说的。
[24:14] 又将耶路撒冷的众民和众首领并所有大能的勇士共一万人,连一切木匠、铁匠都掳了去;除了国中极贫穷的人以外,没有剩下的;
[24:15] 并将约雅斤和王母、后妃、太监与国中的大官,都从耶路撒冷掳到巴比伦去了;
[24:16] 又将一切勇士七千人和木匠、铁匠一千人,都是能上阵的勇士,全掳到巴比伦去了。
# 但以理书(DAN)
[1:2] 主将犹大王约雅敬,并神殿中器皿的几分交付他手,他就把这器皿带到示拿地,收入他神的庙里,放在他神的库中。(597 B.C.)

西底家作王-Reign of Zedekiah

With the great deportation under way and young King Jehoiachin being taken to Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar sets up Jehoiachin’s uncle Mattaniah to be a puppet king. Mattaniah is the third son of former King Josiah. Nebuchadnezzar calls Mattaniah by the name of Zedekiah, and that is how he will be remembered throughout history. Zedekiah’s character, like that of his people, is unrighteous. Zedekiah has the dubious distinction of being the king of Judah during its final destruction. The 11 years of his reign will come to a disastrous end with the fall of Jerusalem.

# 列王纪下(2KI)
## 巴比伦王立西底家作王
[24:17] 巴比伦王立约雅斤的叔叔玛探雅代替他作王,给玛探雅改名叫西底家。
[24:18] 西底家登基的时候年二十一岁,在耶路撒冷作王十一年。他母亲名叫哈慕他,是立拿人耶利米的女儿。
# 历代志下(2CH)
[36:10] 过了一年,尼布甲尼撒差遣人将约雅斤和耶和华殿里各样宝贵的器皿带到巴比伦,就立约雅斤的叔叔西底家作犹大和耶路撒冷的王。
## 西底家作王
[36:11] 西底家登基的时候年二十一岁,在耶路撒冷作王十一年,
# 耶利米书(JER)
## 西底家求耶利米祈祷
[37:1] 约西亚的儿子西底家代替约雅敬的儿子哥尼雅为王,是巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒立在犹大地作王的。
# 耶利米书(JER)
## 西底家叛巴比伦王
[52:1] 西底家登基的时候年二十一岁,在耶路撒冷作王十一年。他母亲名叫哈慕他,是立拿人耶利米的女儿。(597 B.C.)
# 列王纪下(2KI)
[24:19] 西底家行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,是照约雅敬一切所行的。
[24:20] 因此,耶和华的怒气在耶路撒冷和犹大发作,以致将人民从自己面前赶出。
# 历代志下(2CH)
[36:12] 行耶和华他神眼中看为恶的事。先知耶利米以耶和华的话劝他,他仍不在耶利米面前自卑。
# 历代志下(2CH)
[36:13] 尼布甲尼撒曾使他指着神起誓,他却背叛,强项硬心,不归服耶和华以色列的神。
[36:14] 众祭司长和百姓也大大犯罪,效法外邦人一切可憎的事,污秽耶和华在耶路撒冷分别为圣的殿。
[36:15] 耶和华他们列祖的神,因为爱惜自己的民和他的居所,从早起来差遣使者去警戒他们。
[36:16] 他们却嬉笑神的使者,藐视他的言语,讥诮他的先知,以致耶和华的忿怒向他的百姓发作,无法可救。
# 耶利米书(JER)
[37:2] 但西底家和他的臣仆,并国中的百姓,都不听从耶和华藉先知耶利米所说的话。
# 耶利米书(JER)
[52:2] 西底家行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,是照约雅敬一切所行的。
[52:3] 因此,耶和华的怒气在耶路撒冷和犹大发作,以致将人民从自己的面前赶出。

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