7月25日-Jeremiah the Weeping Prophet/Jeremiah Rebukes an Unfaithful Nation

耶利米书

哭泣的先知耶利米/耶利米斥责一个不忠的民族-Jeremiah the Weeping Prophet/Jeremiah Rebukes an Unfaithful Nation

哭泣的先知耶利米/耶利米斥责一个不忠的民族-Jeremiah the Weeping Prophet/Jeremiah Rebukes an Unfaithful Nation

How does one become a prophet of God? Although typically by training, this is not the case with some of God’s most outstanding servants. From Samuel to Elisha to Amos as well as other prophets, the pattern is always the same: God directly calls his prophets to their special ministry. It should not be surprising, then, that some of these special prophets are reluctant to take on the responsibilities of moral leadership for which they are rarely appreciated and, more often than not, are actually persecuted.

An example of how God calls his prophets, and how they sometimes respond only with great reluctance, is seen in the call of Jeremiah in 626 B.C. In fairness to Jeremiah, he may have good reason to be reluctant: At the time of his call he is still a youth, though his exact age is not known. And had he known exactly how much opposition, persecution, and personal rejection he would face over the next 50 years, he would probably have tried to escape his calling, just as Jonah did. But God appeals to Jeremiah through two visions. The first is a branch of an almond tree by which, through a play on words, God explains that he is “watching” the execution of his purpose on earth. (The Hebrew word for “watching” sounds like the Hebrew word for almond tree.) The second vision is of a boiling pot, which is an Oriental symbol of raging war. Through that symbol God reveals to Jeremiah the destruction coming from the north—that is, the invasion by Babylon. God tells Jeremiah that his mission is to be one of rebuke and judgment on one hand and encouragement on the other. Finally, God promises to be with Jeremiah through the many personal trials he will face.

It may be that the persecutions Jeremiah will experience will be the result of the times in which he prophesies. When he begins his ministry, warning against impending national peril, Judah is resting complacently in an unusual period of peace and is soon to experience a brief period of spiritual revival. While Jeremiah is predicting the fall of Jerusalem, the popular message of the priests and false prophets is “peace, peace.” Naturally the people prefer to believe the more optimistic line, and so they turn against the prophet of doom. Little do they realize that the political scene is rapidly changing. Even in this year of Jeremiah’s call, Nabopolassar will rebel against Assyria and establish the Neo-Babylonian empire. Within 15 years Nineveh will fall under the Medo-Persian alliance, and seven years later Assyria, Babylonia, and Egypt will clash at Carchemish, with Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon emerging as the victor. Through it all Judah will stand in constant peril, and Jeremiah’s thankless job will be to bring the message of judgment and national vulnerability to a people who do not want to hear it. What an awesome responsibility for this young man from the little town of Anathoth, a few miles northeast of Jerusalem! How amazed he must be to learn that he was chosen for this special mission before he was ever born!

It does not take long for Jeremiah to get to the point. Characterizing Israel as an unfaithful bride, Jeremiah brings God’s judgment against the people for their lust for foreign gods and calls them to repentance.

# 耶利米书(JER)
## 耶利米奉召为先知之时
[1:1] 便雅悯地亚拿突城的祭司中,希勒家的儿子耶利米的话记在下面。
[1:2] 犹大王亚们的儿子约西亚在位十三年,耶和华的话临到耶利米。
[1:3] 从犹大王约西亚的儿子约雅敬在位的时候,直到犹大王约西亚的儿子西底家在位的末年,就是十一年五月间耶路撒冷人被掳的时候,耶和华的话也常临到耶利米。
[1:4] 耶利米说,耶和华的话临到我说:
[1:5] 「我未将你造在腹中,我已晓得你;你未出母胎,我已分别你为圣;我已派你作列国的先知。」
[1:6] 我就说:「主耶和华啊,我不知怎样说,因为我是年幼的。」
[1:7] 耶和华对我说:「你不要说『我是年幼的』,因为我差遣你到谁那里去,你都要去;我吩咐你说什么话,你都要说。
[1:8] 你不要惧怕他们,因为我与你同在,要拯救你。这是耶和华说的。」
[1:9] 于是耶和华伸手按我的口,对我说:「我已将当说的话传给你。
[1:10] 看哪!我今日立你在列邦列国之上,为要施行拔出、拆毁、毁坏、倾覆,又要建立、栽植。」
## 耶利米见杏枝沸釜
[1:11] 耶和华的话又临到我说:「耶利米,你看见什么?」我说:「我看见一根杏树枝。」
[1:12] 耶和华对我说:「你看得不错;因为我留意保守我的话,使得成就。」
## 豫言犹大遭灾
[1:13] 耶和华的话第二次临到我说:「你看见什么?」我说:「我看见一个烧开的锅,从北而倾。」
[1:14] 耶和华对我说:「必有灾祸从北方发出,临到这地的一切居民。」
[1:15] 耶和华说:「看哪!我要召北方列国的众族.他们要来,各安座位在耶路撒冷的城门口,周围攻击城墙,又要攻击犹大的一切城邑。
[1:16] 至于这民的一切恶,就是离弃我,向别神烧香,跪拜自己手所造的,我要发出我的判语攻击他们。
## 耶和华慰勉耶利米
[1:17] 所以你当束腰,起来将我所吩咐你的一切话告诉他们。不要因他们惊惶,免得我使你在他们面前惊惶。
[1:18] 看哪!我今日使你成为坚城、铁柱、铜墙,与全地和犹大的君王、首领、祭司,并地上的众民反对。
[1:19] 他们要攻击你,却不能胜你,因为我与你同在,要拯救你。」这是耶和华说的。
# 耶利米书(JER)
## 责犹大人负恩悖逆
[2:1] 耶和华的话临到我说:
[2:2] 「你去向耶路撒冷人的耳中喊叫说,耶和华如此说:『你幼年的恩爱,婚姻的爱情,你怎样在旷野,在未曾耕种之地跟随我,我都记得。
[2:3] 那时以色列归耶和华为圣,作为土产初熟的果子,凡吞喫他的必算为有罪,灾祸必临到他们。』」这是耶和华说的。
[2:4] 雅各家、以色列家的各族啊,你们当听耶和华的话。
[2:5] 耶和华如此说:「你们的列祖见我有什么不义,竟远离我,随从虚无的神,自己成为虚妄的呢?
[2:6] 他们也不说,那领我们从埃及地上来,引导我们经过旷野、沙漠有深坑之地,和干旱死荫、无人经过、无人居住之地的耶和华在那里呢?
[2:7] 我领你们进入肥美之地,使你们得吃其中的果子和美物。但你们进入的时候,就玷污我的地,使我的产业成为可憎的。
[2:8] 祭司都不说:『耶和华在那里呢?』传讲律法的都不认识我,官长违背我,先知藉巴力说预言,随从无益的神。」
## 悖逆无比
[2:9] 耶和华说:「我因此必与你们争辩,也必与你们的子孙争辩。
[2:10] 你们且过到基提海岛去察看,打发人往基达去留心查考,看曾有这样的事没有?
[2:11] 岂有一国换了他的神吗?其实这不是神!但我的百姓将他们的荣耀换了那无益的神。
[2:12] 诸天哪,要因此惊奇,极其恐慌,甚为凄凉!」这是耶和华说的。
[2:13] 「因为我的百姓作了两件恶事,就是离弃我这活水的泉源,为自己凿出池子,是破裂不能存水的池子。
## 遭灾受祸因罪自召
[2:14] 以色列是仆人吗?是家中生的奴仆吗?为何成为掠物呢?
[2:15] 少壮狮子向他咆哮,大声吼叫,使他的地荒凉;城邑也都焚烧,无人居住。
[2:16] 挪弗人和答比匿人也打破你的头顶。
[2:17] 这事临到你身上,不是你自招的吗?不是因耶和华你神引你行路的时候,你离弃他吗?
[2:18] 现今你为何在埃及路上要喝西曷的水呢?你为何在亚述路上要喝大河的水呢?
[2:19] 你自己的恶必惩治你;你背道的事必责备你。由此可知可见,你离弃耶和华你的神,不存敬畏我的心,乃为恶事,为苦事。」这是主万军之耶和华说的。
## 历数犹大罪恶
[2:20] 「我在古时折断你的轭,解开你的绳索,你说:『我必不事奉耶和华。』因为你在各高冈上、各青翠树下屈身行淫。。
[2:21] 然而我栽你是上等的葡萄树,全然是真种子,你怎么向我变为外邦葡萄树的坏枝子呢?
[2:22] 你虽用碱、多用肥皂洗濯,你罪孽的痕迹仍然在我面前显出。」这是主耶和华说的。
[2:23] 你怎能说『我没有玷污,没有随从众巴力』?你看你谷中的路,就知道你所行的如何。你是快行的独峰驼,狂奔乱走;
[2:24] 你是野驴惯在旷野,欲心发动就吸风,起性的时候谁能使他转去呢?凡寻找牠的必不至疲乏.在牠的月分必能寻见。
[2:25] 我说:『你不要使脚上无鞋,喉咙干渴。』你倒说:『这是枉然。我喜爱别神,我必随从他们。』
## 遭遇患难始求救援
[2:26] 贼被捉拿,怎样羞愧,以色列家和他们的君王、首领、祭司、先知也都照样羞愧。
[2:27] 他们向木头说『你是我的父』;向石头说『你是生我的』。他们以背向我,不以面向我,及至遭遇患难的时候却说:『起来拯救我们!』
[2:28] 你为自己作的神在那里呢?你遭遇患难的时候,叫他们起来拯救你吧!犹大啊,你神的数目与你城的数目相等。」
[2:29] 耶和华说:「你们为何与我争辩呢?你们都违背了我。
[2:30] 我责打你们的儿女是徒然的,他们不受惩治。你们自己的刀吞灭你们的先知,好像残害的狮子。
[2:31] 这世代的人哪,你们要看明耶和华的话:我岂向以色列作旷野呢?或作幽暗之地呢?我的百姓为何说『我们脱离约束,再不归向你了』?
[2:32] 处女岂能忘记他的妆饰呢?新妇岂能忘记他的美衣呢?我的百姓却忘记了我无数的日子。
[2:33] 你怎么修饰你的道路要求爱情呢?就是恶劣的妇人你也叫他们行你的路。
[2:34] 并且你的衣襟上有无辜穷人的血,你杀他们并不是遇见他们挖窟窿,乃是因这一切的事。
[2:35] 你还说:『我无辜,耶和华的怒气必定向我消了。』看哪!我必审问你,因你自说:『我没有犯罪。』
[2:36] 你为何东跑西奔,要更换你的路呢?你必因埃及蒙羞,像从前因亚述蒙羞一样。
[2:37] 你也必两手抱头从埃及出来。因为耶和华已经弃绝你所倚靠的,你必不因他们得顺利。
# 耶利米书(JER)
## 责其行淫作恶
[3:1] 有话说,人若休妻,妻离他而去,作了别人的妻,前夫岂能再收回她来?若收回她来,那地岂不是大大玷污了吗?但你和许多亲爱的行邪淫,还可以归向我。」这是耶和华说的。
[3:2] 「你向净光的高处举目观看,你在何处没有淫行呢?你坐在道旁等候,好像亚拉伯人在旷野埋伏一样,并且你的淫行邪恶玷污了全地。
[3:3] 因此甘霖停止,春雨不降,你还是有娼妓之脸,不顾羞耻。
[3:4] 从今以后,你岂不向我呼叫说:『我父啊,你是我幼年的恩主。
[3:5] 耶和华岂永远怀怒,存留到底吗?』看哪!你又发恶言又行坏事,随自己的私意而行。」

By Lydia 小黎(梨🍐)٩(●˙▿˙●)۶…⋆ฺ

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