Daily Archives: February 12, 2020

2月12日-Israel Sins in Moab

民数记25章、31章

第一部分:以色列人在摩押犯罪-Israel Sins in Moab 民数记25章[Num 25]
第二部分:米甸人的毁灭-Destruction of the Midianites 民数记31章[Num 31]

以色列人在摩押犯罪-Israel Sins in Moab

Despite the promise of military success over their political enemies, the Israelites soon find themselves defeated at their weakest point—that is, morally. At the urging of Balaam—the very man who has just blessed the Israelites—the Midianites deliberately and cunningly scheme to destroy Israel. The plan is to use the Midianite women to lure Israelite men first into bed and then into the obscene worship of a sensuous idol. The Midianites correctly understand that such worship would be a deathblow to this unique theocratic nation.

It takes little time for the men of Israel to be attracted by the Midianite women in Moab, and equally little time to be seduced into worshiping Baal of Peor, the fertility god which the women worship. Israel’s seduction serves as a good example of how personal relationships—particularly wrong ones—can easily influence religious preferences, and why the Israelites are so severely restricted from mixing with foreigners.

The impudence of one Israelite in flaunting a foreign woman before the congregation of God’s people is met with a forceful response by Eleazar’s son, Phinehas. And God’s own wrath against the idolatrous Israelites results in thousands dying of the plague for their transgressions.

# 民数记(NUM)
## 以色列人在什亭奉巴力毗珥
[25:1] 以色列人住在什亭,百姓与摩押女子行起淫乱。
[25:2] 因为这女子叫百姓来,一同给他们的神献祭,百姓就吃她们的祭物,跪拜他们的神。
[25:3] 以色列人与巴力毘珥连合,耶和华的怒气就向以色列人发作。
[25:4] 耶和华吩咐摩西说:「将百姓中所有的族长在我面前对着日头悬挂,使我向以色列人所发的怒气可以消了。」
[25:5] 于是,摩西吩咐以色列的审判官说:「凡属你们的人,有与巴力毘珥连合的,你们各人要把他们杀了。」
[25:6] 摩西和以色列全会众正在会幕门前哭泣的时候,谁知,有以色列中的一个人,当他们眼前,带着一个米甸女人到他弟兄那里去。
[25:7] 祭司亚伦的孙子、以利亚撒的儿子非尼哈看见了,就从会中起来,手里拿着枪,
[25:8] 跟随那以色列人进亭子里去,便将以色列人和那女人由腹中刺透。这样,在以色列人中瘟疫就止息了。
[25:9] 那时遭瘟疫死的,有二万四千人。
## 非尼哈之热衷
[25:10] 耶和华晓谕摩西说:
[25:11] 「祭司亚伦的孙子,以利亚撒的儿子非尼哈,使我向以色列人所发的怒消了,因他在他们中间,以我的忌邪为心,使我不在忌邪中把他们除灭。
[25:12] 因此,你要说,我将我平安的约赐给他。
[25:13] 这约要给他和他的后裔,作为永远当祭司职任的约,因他为神有忌邪的心,为以色列人赎罪。」
[25:14] 那与米甸女人一同被杀的以色列人,名叫心利,是撒路的儿子,是西缅一个宗族的首领。
[25:15] 那被杀的米甸女人,名叫哥斯比,是苏珥的女儿,这苏珥是米甸一个宗族的首领。
[25:16] 耶和华晓谕摩西说:
[25:17] 「你要扰害米甸人,击杀他们,
[25:18] 因为他们用诡计扰害你们,在毘珥的事上,和他们的姊妹米甸首领的女儿哥斯比的事上,用这诡计诱惑了你们。」这哥斯比当瘟疫流行的日子,因毘珥的事被杀了。

米甸人的毁灭-Destruction of the Midianites

God is clearly incensed by the insidious moral attack brought against his people by the Midianites, but he is also incensed by the Israelites themselves. Because of their willful disobedience, and pursuant to his promise, he sends a plague which claims 24,000 lives. Having dealt with the Israelites, God then confronts the Midianites. That God should punish the Midianites for their great wickedness is understandable, but the account of that punishment is difficult for some to accept.

# 民数记(NUM)
## 戮米甸人
[31:1] 耶和华吩咐摩西说:
[31:2] 「你要在米甸人身上报以色列人的仇,后来要归到你列祖那里。」
[31:3] 摩西吩咐百姓说:「要从你们中间叫人带兵器出去攻击米甸,好在米甸人身上为耶和华报仇。
[31:4] 从以色列众支派中,每支派要打发一千人去打仗。」
[31:5] 于是从以色列千万人中,每支派交出一千人,共一万二千人,带着兵器预备打仗。
[31:6] 摩西就打发每支派的一千人去打仗,并打发祭司以利亚撒的儿子非尼哈同去,非尼哈手里拿着圣所的器皿和吹大声的号筒。
[31:7] 他们就照耶和华所吩咐摩西的,与米甸人打仗,杀了所有的男丁。
[31:8] 在所杀的人中,杀了米甸的五王,就是以未、利金、苏珥、户珥、利巴,又用刀杀了比珥的儿子巴兰。
[31:9] 以色列人掳了米甸人的妇女、孩子,并将他们的牲畜、羊群和所有的财物都夺了来,当作掳物。
[31:10] 又用火焚烧他们所住的城邑和所有的营寨。
[31:11] 把一切所夺的所掳的,连人带牲畜都带了去,
[31:12] 将所掳的人、所夺的牲畜、财物,都带到摩押平原,在约但河边与耶利哥相对的营盘,交给摩西和祭司以利亚撒,并以色列的会众。
[31:13] 摩西和祭司以利亚撒,并会众一切的首领,都出到营外迎接他们。
[31:14] 摩西向打仗回来的军长,就是千夫长、百夫长发怒,
[31:15] 对他们说:「你们要存留这一切妇女的活命吗?
[31:16] 这些妇女,因巴兰的计谋,叫以色列人在毘珥的事上得罪耶和华,以致耶和华的会众遭遇瘟疫。
[31:17] 所以,你们要把一切的男孩和所有已嫁的女子都杀了。
[31:18] 但女孩子中,凡没有出嫁的,你们都可以存留她的活命。
[31:19] 你们要在营外驻扎七日。凡杀了人的,和一切摸了被杀的,并你们所掳来的人口,第三日、第七日,都要洁净自己。
[31:20] 也要因一切的衣服、皮物、山羊毛织的物和各样的木器,洁净自己。」
[31:21] 祭司以利亚撒对打仗回来的兵丁说:「耶和华所吩咐摩西律法中的条例乃是这样:
[31:22] 金、银、铜、铁、锡、铅,
[31:23] 凡能见火的,你们要叫它经火,就为洁净,然而还要用除污秽的水洁净它;凡不能见火的,你们要叫它过水。
[31:24] 第七日,你们要洗衣服,就为洁净,然后可以进营。」
## 分所获之物
[31:25] 耶和华晓谕摩西说:
[31:26] 「你和祭司以利亚撒,并会众的各族长,要计算所掳来的人口和牲畜的总数。
[31:27] 把所掳来的分作两半:一半归与出去打仗的精兵;一半归与全会众。
[31:28] 又要从出去打仗所得的人口、牛、驴、羊群中,每五百取一,作为贡物奉给耶和华。
[31:29] 从他们一半之中,要取出来交给祭司以利亚撒,作为耶和华的举祭。
[31:30] 从以色列人的一半之中,就是从人口、牛、驴、羊群、各样牲畜中,每五十取一,交给看守耶和华帐幕的利未人。」
[31:31] 于是,摩西和祭司以利亚撒照耶和华所吩咐摩西的行了。
## 五输其一贡于耶和华
[31:32] 除了兵丁所夺的财物以外,所掳来的:羊六十七万五千只,
[31:33] 牛七万二千只,
[31:34] 驴六万一千匹,
[31:35] 女人共三万二千口,都是没有出嫁的。
[31:36] 出去打仗之人的分,就是他们所得的那一半,共计羊三十三万七千五百只,
[31:37] 从其中归耶和华为贡物的,有六百七十五只;
[31:38] 牛三万六千只,从其中归耶和华为贡物的,有七十二只;
[31:39] 驴三万零五百匹,从其中归耶和华为贡物的,有六十一匹;
[31:40] 人一万六千口,从其中归耶和华的,有三十二口。
[31:41] 摩西把贡物,就是归与耶和华的举祭,交给祭司以利亚撒,是照耶和华所吩咐摩西的。
[31:42] 以色列人所得的那一半,就是摩西从打仗的人取来分给他们的。
[31:43] (会众的那一半有:羊三十三万七千五百只,
[31:44] 牛三万六千只,
[31:45] 驴三万零五百匹,
[31:46] 人一万六千口。)
[31:47] 无论是人口是牲畜,摩西每五十取一,交给看守耶和华帐幕的利未人,是照耶和华所吩咐摩西的。
[31:48] 带领千军的各军长,就是千夫长、百夫长,都近前来见摩西,
[31:49] 对他说:「仆人权下的兵,已经计算总数,并不短少一人。
[31:50] 如今我们将各人所得的金器,就是脚鍊子、镯子、打印的戒指、耳环、手钏、都送来为耶和华的供物,好在耶和华面前为我们的生命赎罪。」
[31:51] 摩西和祭司以利亚撒就收了他们的金子,都是打成的器皿。
[31:52] 千夫长、百夫长所献给耶和华为举祭的金子,共有一万六千七百五十舍客勒。
[31:53] 各兵丁都为自己夺了财物。
[31:54] 摩西和祭司以利亚撒,收了千夫长、百夫长的金子,就带进会幕,在耶和华面前作为以色列人的纪念。

One might like to believe that the orders to kill were those of Moses acting on his own, but there is every reason to believe that Moses acted at God’s direction. The question then arises: how can a loving God either direct or condone such action? The answer is undoubtedly very complex. As for the women, it was they who turned the Israelites away from the Lord at Peor. As for the young boys, perhaps they would have presented a continuing threat to Israel as they grew into manhood. (Such a threat will indeed be confirmed some years later when Midianites from other areas engage in war against Israel.) The young girls, on the other hand, were to be taken as slaves into the homes of the Israelites, where they would at least be spared inevitable spiritual enslavement of the sensuous worship of Baal of Peor. (There is no suggestion that Moses meant for the Israelites to take them as wives or concubines.) But even these possible explanations are not easy to accept. In order to appreciate more fully God’s actions, it is necessary to understand the level of moral consciousness of the times. Among the nations of this era, wars of revenge involving total destruction or confiscation of property, and either extermination or enslavement of men, women, and children, are commonplace and expected. (That is doubtless why there is no hint that the Israelites felt the slightest discomfort in carrying out Moses’ orders.) In raising the moral consciousness of first a nation, and then the world, God must take his people as he finds them and introduce principles of righteousness within a moral framework with which the people can identify. The fact that the women and children were saved from death initially may indicate that an exception was made to the customary practices of such a war of revenge. If so, the reason for the exception becomes important. Quite possibly the men of Israel were still enticed by the Midianite women and did not understand the continuing moral threat which the women posed. Viewed in that light, Moses’ action takes on greatly increased respectability. It also appears that God is teaching a vitally important lesson about the attitude which his people must have regarding the various human lusts which war against the soul. Even the weakest of lusts (perhaps represented here by the women and young boys) must be resisted as completely and early as possible in order to prevent their success in moments of moral vulnerability. The account of the Midianites’ destruction concludes with various directions concerning the booty which was taken in the conquest. And even from this part of the account profitable lessons can be learned—particularly about the rewards accruing to those who wage war against sin.

Smith, F. LaGard. The Daily Bible® - In Chronological Order (NIV®) . Harvest House Publishers. Kindle 版本.