Daily Archives: February 5, 2020

2月5日-A Nation Under Law


第一部分:在律法之下的国家-A Nation Under Law、出埃及后的第一个逾越节-First Passover After Egypt:民数记9章1-12节[Num.9:1-12]
第二部分:数点以色列的人数-Numbering of the Israelites:民数记1-2章[Num.1-2]

A Nation Under Law

With the tabernacle now constructed, and the priests ready to serve at its altars, the Israelites are about to begin a new phase in the history of their young nation. They are going to begin functioning as a nation under covenant relationship, with virtually every daily action influenced, if not directly prescribed, by law. During the next four decades God will give to Moses scores of laws—laws affecting their religious and ceremonial duties; laws regulating diet and hygiene; laws of dedication and religious symbolism; civil laws and laws affecting political leaders, the army, and the court system; criminal laws and offenses against religion, society, and morality; and various family and estate laws. The many laws within Israel’s code are recorded in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Often the same laws are repeated on different occasions and in varying contexts. Sometimes a law will be further expanded or more completely explained. In anticipation of the Israelites becoming less nomadic and more settled, the laws will appropriately reflect the changing circumstances. In an effort to avoid unnecessary duplication, and in order to get a more understandable overview of the laws of Israel, all of the various laws will be brought together in one compendium at a later point in this volume, in the context of events to take place some 40 years later. Therefore the book of Leviticus, which takes up where the Exodus record leaves off, will be left largely to later inclusion. Suffice it to say at this point that, as the name suggests, Leviticus pertains principally to the Levites and their priestly duties. Yet the fact that Leviticus also contains so many laws is not at all surprising in view of its theme: “… therefore be holy, because I am holy.”

First Passover After Egypt

The book of Numbers records briefly that here in the wilderness near Sinai the Israelites observe their first Passover celebration since the actual passover of death which took place a year earlier in Egypt. It must be a time of mixed emotions—joy in having been freed from their bondage, and excitement at having become an independent nation, yet uncertainty about what the future holds. Even in this first celebration is an indication that the Israelites are already concerned about God’s laws and how he might interpret them in light of exceptional circumstances. Here they learn that, along with the strictness in his laws, God has provided measures of grace as well.

# 民数记(NUM)
## 当守逾越节
[9:1] 以色列人出埃及地以后,第二年正月,耶和华在西奈的旷野吩咐摩西说:
[9:2] 「以色列人应当在所定的日期守逾越节,
[9:3] 就是本月十四日黄昏的时候,你们要在所定的日期守这节,要按这节的律例、典章而守。」
[9:4] 于是摩西吩咐以色列人守逾越节。
[9:5] 他们就在西奈的旷野,正月十四日黄昏的时候守逾越节。凡耶和华所吩咐摩西的,以色列人都照样行了。
[9:6] 有几个人因死尸而不洁净,不能在那日守逾越节。当日他们到摩西、亚伦面前,
[9:7] 说:「我们虽因死尸而不洁净,为何被阻止不得同以色列人在所定的日期献耶和华的供物呢?」
[9:8] 摩西对他们说:「你们暂且等候,我可以去听耶和华指着你们是怎样吩咐的。」
[9:9] 耶和华对摩西说:
[9:10] 「你晓谕以色列人说:『你们和你们后代中,若有人因死尸而不洁净,或在远方行路,还要向耶和华守逾越节。
[9:11] 他们要在二月十四日黄昏的时候守逾越节。要用无酵饼与苦菜,和逾越节的羊羔同吃。
[9:12] 一点不可留到早晨,羊羔的骨头一根也不可折断。他们要照逾越节的一切律例而守。

Numbering of the Israelites

A month has passed since the tabernacle was erected, the priesthood ordained, the first laws of Moses given, and the nation of Israel truly established in fulfillment of the ancient promise to Abraham. Still, another part of God’s covenant with Abraham has yet to be fulfilled—the occupation of Canaan, the promised land. God has never said that the land will simply be handed over to the Israelites without struggle. On the contrary, God has told the Israelites that they will have to fight for the land. Yet God has also promised to be with them and make them victorious, so long as they keep their faith in him as the only true God, and remain obedient to his laws. Now, in preparation for the taking of the promised land, God orders a numbering of the people of Israel—at least those of fighting age, 20 years old or older. The numbering is more than a census or even a military draft. In fact it is a national registration from which the Jewish people in centuries to come will trace their ancestry. One interesting feature of the numbering is that the descendants of Joseph are counted as two separate tribes through his sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, in accordance with Jacob’s own words. Of a nation of approximately two million strong, 603,550 men are found to be of the age to fight. In addition to the numbering, the tribes are also assigned areas of encampment and given their order of march. Noticeably missing from the numbering of the fighting men is the tribe of Levi. It is clear that the nation will be strong in battle only as long as it is religiously dedicated to the service of God, so the Levites will be responsible for maintaining the people’s spiritual service. Therefore the numbering of the Levites will be done separately from the other tribes and on two different bases—once for all males at least a month old (22,000), and once for all males between 30 and 50 years old who are ready to serve in the tabernacle (8,580). The places of encampment and the specific items to be carried by each family are also assigned.

Smith, F. LaGard. The Daily Bible® - In Chronological Order (NIV®) . Harvest House Publishers. Kindle 版本.

# 民数记(NUM)
## 核以色列族能临阵男丁之总数
[1:1] 以色列人出埃及地后,第二年二月初一日,耶和华在西乃的旷野会幕中晓谕摩西说:
[1:2] 「你要按以色列全会众的家室、宗族、人名的数目,计算所有的男丁。
[1:3] 凡以色列中,从二十岁以外能出去打仗的,你和亚伦要照他们的军队数点。
[1:4] 每支派中必有一人作本支派的族长,帮助你们。
[1:5] 他们的名字:属流便的,有示丢珥的儿子以利蓿;
[1:6] 属西缅的,有苏利沙代的儿子示路蔑;
[1:7] 属犹大的,有亚米拿达的儿子拿顺;
[1:8] 属以萨迦的,有苏押的儿子拿坦业;
[1:9] 属西布伦的,有希伦的儿子以利押;
[1:10] 约瑟子孙属以法莲的,有亚米忽的儿子以利沙玛;属玛拿西的,有比大蓿的儿子迦玛列;
[1:11] 属便雅悯的,有基多尼的儿子亚比但;
[1:12] 属但的,有亚米沙代的儿子亚希以谢;
[1:13] 属亚设的,有俄兰的儿子帕结;
[1:14] 属迦得的,有丢珥的儿子以利雅萨;
[1:15] 属拿弗他利的,有以南的儿子亚希拉。」
[1:16] 这都是从会中选召的,各作本支派的首领,都是以色列军中的统领。
[1:17] 于是摩西、亚伦带着这些按名指定的人,
[1:18] 当二月初一日,招聚全会众。会众就照他们的家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外的,都述说自己的家谱。
[1:19] 耶和华怎样吩咐摩西,他就怎样在西乃的旷野数点他们。
[1:20] 以色列的长子,流便子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的男丁,共有四万六千五百名。
[1:21] *
[1:22] 西缅子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的男丁,共有五万九千三百名。
[1:23] *
[1:24] 迦得子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有四万五千六百五十名。
[1:25] *
[1:26] 犹大子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有七万四千六百名。
[1:27] *
[1:28] 以萨迦子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有五万四千四百名。
[1:29] *
[1:30] 西布伦子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有五万七千四百名。
[1:31] *
[1:32] 约瑟子孙,属以法莲子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有四万零五百名。
[1:33] *
[1:34] 玛拿西子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有三万二千二百名。
[1:35] *
[1:36] 便雅悯子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有三万五千四百名。
[1:37] *
[1:38] 但子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有六万二千七百名。
[1:39] *
[1:40] 亚设子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有四万一千五百名。
[1:41] *
[1:42] 拿弗他利子孙的后代,照着家室、宗族、人名的数目,从二十岁以外,凡能出去打仗被数的,共有五万三千四百名。
[1:43] *
[1:44] 这些就是被数点的,是摩西、亚伦和以色列中十二个首领所数点的。这十二个人各作各宗族的代表。
[1:45] 这样,凡以色列人中被数的,照着宗族,从二十岁以外,能出去打仗被数的,共有六十万零三千五百五十名。
[1:46] *
## 利未支派不列其数
[1:47] 利未人却没有按着支派数在其中,
[1:48] 因为耶和华晓谕摩西说:
[1:49] 「惟独利未支派你不可数点,也不可在以色列人中计算他们的总数。
[1:50] 只要派利未人管法柜的帐幕,和其中的器具,并属乎帐幕的。他们要抬帐幕和其中的器具,并要办理帐幕的事,在帐幕的四围安营。
[1:51] 帐幕将往前行的时候,利未人要拆卸;将支搭的时候,利未人要竖起。近前来的外人必被治死。
[1:52] 以色列人支搭帐棚,要照他们的军队,各归本营,各归本纛。
[1:53] 但利未人要在法柜帐幕的四围安营,免得忿怒临到以色列会众。利未人并要谨守法柜的帐幕。」
[1:54] 以色列人就这样行。凡耶和华所吩咐摩西的,他们就照样行了。
# 民数记(NUM)
## 记各支派首领及安营之所
[2:1] 耶和华晓谕摩西、亚伦说:
[2:2] 「以色列人要各归自己的纛下,在本族的旗号那里,对着会幕的四围安营。」
[2:3] 在东边向日出之地,照着军队安营的,是犹大营的纛;有亚米拿达的儿子拿顺作犹大人的首领。
[2:4] 他军队被数的,共有七万四千六百名。
[2:5] 挨着他安营的,是以萨迦支派;有苏押的儿子拿坦业作以萨迦人的首领。
[2:6] 他军队被数的,共有五万四千四百名。
[2:7] 又有西布伦支派;希伦的儿子以利押作西布伦人的首领。
[2:8] 他军队被数的,共有五万七千四百名。
[2:9] 凡属犹大营按着军队被数的,共有十八万六千四百名;要作第一队往前行。
[2:10] 在南边按着军队,是流便营的纛;有示丢珥的儿子以利蓿作流便人的首领。
[2:11] 他军队被数的,共有四万六千五百名。
[2:12] 挨着他安营的是西缅支派;苏利沙代的儿子示路蔑作西缅人的首领。
[2:13] 他军队被数的,共有五万九千三百名。
[2:14] 又有迦得支派;丢珥的儿子以利雅萨作迦得人的首领。
[2:15] 他军队被数的,共有四万五千六百五十名。
[2:16] 凡属流便营按着军队被数的,共有十五万一千四百五十名;要作第二队往前行。
[2:17] 随后会幕要往前行,有利未营在诸营中间。他们怎样安营,就怎样往前行,各按本位,各归本纛。
[2:18] 在西边按着军队,是以法莲营的纛;亚米忽的儿子以利沙玛作以法莲人的首领。
[2:19] 他军队被数的,共有四万零五百名。
[2:20] 挨着他的是玛拿西支派;比大蓿的儿子迦玛列作玛拿西人的首领。
[2:21] 他军队被数的,共有三万二千二百名。
[2:22] 又有便雅悯支派;基多尼的儿子亚比但作便雅悯人的首领。
[2:23] 他军队被数的,共有三万五千四百名。
[2:24] 凡属以法莲营按着军队被数的,共有十万零八千一百名;要作第三队往前行。
[2:25] 在北边按着军队是但营的纛;亚米沙代的儿子亚希以谢作但人的首领。
[2:26] 他军队被数的,共有六万二千七百名。
[2:27] 挨着他安营的是亚设支派;俄兰的儿子帕结作亚设人的首领。
[2:28] 他军队被数的,共有四万一千五百名。
[2:29] 又有拿弗他利支派;以南的儿子亚希拉作拿弗他利人的首领。
[2:30] 他军队被数的,共有五万三千四百名。
[2:31] 凡但营被数的,共有十五万七千六百名;要归本纛作末队往前行。
[2:32] 这些以色列人,照他们的宗族,按他们的军队,在诸营中被数的,共有六十万零三千五百五十名。
[2:33] 惟独利未人没有数在以色列人中,是照耶和华所吩咐摩西的。
[2:34] 以色列人就这样行,各人照他们的家室、宗族归于本纛,安营起行,都是照耶和华所吩咐摩西的。