4月19日-The Book of Psalms

诗篇

诗篇5,6,7,10,11章:
1. 求耶和华护佑脱于恶人
2. 遭患难求耶和华怜恤(忏悔篇)
3. 求耶和华兴起御敌
4. 求耶和华倾恶人,救贫苦人
5. 投靠耶和华者不畏强敌义人不畏强敌

The Book of Psalms

Imperfect as he is, David has a pure heart. This is perhaps best seen in the many songs (or psalms) which he writes. The contents of his songs reveal a wide-ranging spiritual sensitivity, from deepest sorrow to highest joy. Several psalms which demonstrate the breadth of David’s emotions have already been presented. There were the soul-wrenching laments at the deaths of Saul, Jonathan, and Abner. There was the keen sense of relief when David was delivered from Saul and other enemies. There was the sheer celebration and thanksgiving when the ark was being brought into Jerusalem. And there were the many ardent prayers for his own safety.

Songs of praise, supplication, and thanksgiving are clearly a significant part of Israel’s worship, as evidenced by David’s recent appointment of singers to minister through songs and prophecy at the temple. All of those appointed are trained and skilled in music. They and their descendants after them will continue to propagate the songs of David and to write other songs themselves.

A collection of 150 of these songs, known as the Psalms, contains songs not only by David and Solomon but also by the sons of Korah—Asaph, Heman, and Ethan—who were assigned to the ministry of songs. Even a song of Moses is included (Psalm 90 ). Because of David’s significant contributions to the Psalms, both personally and through his ministers of song, most of that collection is presented here at this point.

Based upon the specific indications accompanying particular psalms, 17 of the psalms have either already been included in the historical record or will soon be presented. Another 21 psalms, which are apparently written in a later period, will be presented in two separate groupings within their appropriate historical contexts. The remaining 112 psalms are presented at this time. Although the original collection was divided into five books, the psalms which follow are taken from all of those books and rearranged within five major topical groupings.

Psalms of the Troubled Soul

In the first grouping of 35 psalms, the fears of one whose enemies beset him on every hand are reflected. The enemy not only threatens physical harm but also brings mockery, jeers, slander, and lies. Often the enemy is a former friend or companion of the one oppressed. At times the writer even doubts that God hears his prayers; at other times he gives thanks to God for having heard his supplications. At times there is doubt that anything lives beyond the grave; at other times there is a clear message of resurrection. There is a harsh attitude against the enemy, with prayers for not only the enemy’s destruction but the destruction of the enemy’s family as well. Yet David himself has repeatedly forgiven Saul, the one who has most directly threatened his life. The apparent harshness, then, may be simply the exaggeration of a pursued and fearful soul. In all, these psalms speak to anyone who has ever known persecution for righteousness, or anyone who feels betrayed or alone in the midst of a hostile world.

# 诗篇(PSA)
## 求耶和华护佑脱于恶人
[5:1] (大卫的诗,交与伶长,用吹的乐器。)耶和华啊!求你留心听我的言语,顾念我的心思。
[5:2] 我的王我的神啊!求你垂听我呼求的声音,因为我向你祈祷。
[5:3] 耶和华啊!早晨你必听我的声音;早晨我必向你陈明我的心意,并要儆醒。
[5:4] 因为你不是喜悦恶事的神,恶人不能与你同居。
[5:5] 狂傲人不能站在你眼前;凡作孽的,都是你所恨恶的。
[5:6] 说谎言的,你必灭绝;好流人血弄诡诈的,都为耶和华所憎恶。
[5:7] 至于我,我必凭你丰盛的慈爱,进入你的居所;我必存敬畏你的心,向你的圣殿下拜。
[5:8] 耶和华啊!求你因我的仇敌,凭你的公义引领我,使你的道路在我面前正直。
[5:9] 因为他们的口中没有诚实;他们的心里满有邪恶。他们的喉咙是敞开的坟墓;他们用舌头谄媚人。
[5:10] 神啊!求你定他们的罪。愿他们因自己的计谋跌倒。愿你在他们许多的过犯中把他们逐出,因为他们背叛了你。
[5:11] 凡投靠你的,愿他们喜乐,时常欢呼。因为你护庇他们;又愿那爱你名的人都靠你欢欣。
[5:12] 因为你必赐福与义人;耶和华啊!你必用恩惠如同盾牌四面护卫他。
# 诗篇(PSA)
## 遭患难求耶和华怜恤(忏悔篇)
[6:1] (大卫的诗,交与伶长。用丝弦的乐器,调用第八。)耶和华啊!求你不要在怒中责备我,也不要在烈怒中惩罚我。
[6:2] 耶和华啊!求你可怜我,因为我软弱;耶和华阿!求你医治我,因为我的骨头发战。
[6:3] 我心也大大的惊惶。耶和华啊!你要到几时才救我呢?
[6:4] 耶和华啊!求你转回搭救我;因你的慈爱拯救我。
[6:5] 因为在死地无人记念你,在阴间有谁称谢你?
[6:6] 我因唉哼而困乏;我每夜流泪,把床榻漂起,把褥子湿透。
[6:7] 我因忧愁眼睛干瘪;又因我一切的敌人眼睛昏花。
[6:8] 你们一切作孽的人,离开我吧!因为耶和华听了我哀哭的声音。
[6:9] 耶和华听了我的恳求;耶和华必收纳我的祷告。
[6:10] 我的一切仇敌都必羞愧,大大惊惶;他们必要退后,忽然羞愧。
# 诗篇(PSA)
## 求耶和华兴起御敌
[7:1] (大卫指着便雅悯人古实的话,向耶和华唱的流离歌。)耶和华我的神啊!我投靠你,求你救我脱离一切追赶我的人,将我救拔出来;
[7:2] 恐怕他们像狮子撕裂我,甚至撕碎,无人搭救。
[7:3] 耶和华我的神啊,我若行了这事,若有罪孽在我手里;
[7:4] 我若以恶报那与我交好的人,(连那无故与我为敌的,我也救了他。)
[7:5] 就任凭仇敌追赶我,直到追上;将我的性命踏在地下,使我的荣耀归于灰尘。
[7:6] 耶和华啊!求你在怒中起来,挺身而立,抵挡我敌人的暴怒;求你为我兴起,你已经命定施行审判。
[7:7] 愿众民的会环绕你,愿你从其上归于高位。
[7:8] 耶和华向众民施行审判,耶和华啊!求你按我的公义和我心中的纯正判断我。
[7:9] 愿恶人的恶断绝,愿你坚立义人。因为公义的神察验人的心肠肺腑。
[7:10] 神是我的盾牌,他拯救心里正直的人。
[7:11] 神是公义的审判者,又是天天向恶人发怒的神。
[7:12] 若有人不回头,他的刀必磨快,弓必上弦,预备妥当了。
[7:13] 他也预备了杀人的器械,他所射的是火箭。
[7:14] 试看恶人因奸恶而劬劳,所怀的是毒害,所生的是虚假。
[7:15] 他掘了坑,又挖深了,竟掉在自己所挖的阱里。
[7:16] 他的毒害必临到他自己的头上;他的强暴必落到他自己的脑袋上。
[7:17] 我要照着耶和华的公义称谢他,歌颂耶和华至高者的名。
# 诗篇(PSA)
## 求耶和华倾恶人,救贫苦人
[10:1] 耶和华啊!你为什么站在远处?在患难的时候,为什么隐藏?
[10:2] 恶人在骄横中把困苦人追得火急;愿他们陷在自己所设的计谋里。
[10:3] 因为恶人以心愿自夸;贪财的背弃耶和华,并且轻慢他。
[10:4] 恶人面带骄傲说:『耶和华必不追究。』他一切所想的,都以为没有神。
[10:5] 凡他所作的,时常稳固;你的审判超过他的眼界;至于他一切的敌人,他都向他们喷气。
[10:6] 他心里说:「我必不动摇,世世代代不遭灾难。」
[10:7] 他满口是咒骂、诡诈,欺压,舌底是毒害,奸恶。
[10:8] 他在村庄埋伏等候;他在隐密处杀害无辜的人,他的眼睛窥探无倚无靠的人。
[10:9] 他埋伏在暗地,如狮子蹲在洞中。他埋伏,要掳去困苦人;他拉网,就把困苦人掳去。
[10:10] 他屈身蹲伏,无倚无靠的人就倒在他爪牙之下。
[10:11] 他心里说:『神竟忘记了;他掩面永不观看。』
[10:12] 耶和华啊!求你起来!神阿!求你举手;不要忘记困苦人。
[10:13] 恶人为何轻慢神?心里说:『你必不追究。』
[10:14] 其实你已经观看。因为奸恶、毒害你都看见了;为要以手施行报应。无倚无靠的人把自己交讬你,你向来是帮助孤儿的。
[10:15] 愿你打断恶人的膀臂;至于坏人,愿你追究他的恶,直到净尽。
[10:16] 耶和华永永远远为王;外邦人从他的地已经灭绝了。
[10:17] 耶和华啊!谦卑人的心愿你早已知道;你必预备他们的心,也必侧耳听他们的祈求;
[10:18] 为要给孤儿和受欺压的人伸冤,使强横的人不再威吓他们。
# 诗篇(PSA)
## 投靠耶和华者不畏强敌义人不畏强敌
[11:1] (大卫的诗,交与伶长。)我是投靠耶和华。你们怎么对我说:「你当像鸟飞往你的山去。
[11:2] 看哪!恶人弯弓,把箭搭在弦上,要在暗中射那心里正直的人。
[11:3] 根基若毁坏,义人还能作什么呢?」
[11:4] 耶和华在他的圣殿里;耶和华的宝座在天上。他的慧眼察看世人。
[11:5] 耶和华试验义人;惟有恶人和喜爱强暴的人,他心里恨恶。
[11:6] 他要向恶人密布网罗,有烈火、硫磺、热风,作他们杯中的分。
[11:7] 因为耶和华是公义的,他喜爱公义,正直人必得见他的面。

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