第一部分：亚伯拉罕欺骗亚比米勒-Abraham Deceives Abimelek ：创世记20章1-18节[Gen.20:1-18]；
第二部分：以撒的诞生-The Birth of Isaac：创世记21章1-7节[Gen.21:1-7]；
第三部分：亚伯拉罕和亚比米勒解决争端-Abraham and Abimelek Settle Dispute：创世记21章22-34节[Gen.21:22-34]。
第四部分：驱逐夏甲和以实玛利-Expulsion of Hagar and Ishmael：创世记21章8节-21节[Gen.21:8-21]；
亚伯拉罕欺骗亚比米勒-Abraham Deceives Abimelek
The human condition is always surprising. It has been 20 years since Abraham was in Egypt and lied to the Pharaoh about Sarah’s being his sister and not his wife. In the intervening two decades Abraham has been reassured repeatedly that God will continue to bless him and keep his promises. Abraham has been honored with the very presence of God and made to witness the destructive power of God’s judgment against Sodom and Gomorrah. Yet almost unbelievably the Genesis account records that Abraham once again lies about his true relationship with Sarah—this time to a pre-Philistine father-king whose titular name is Abimelek. Abimelek may desire to marry Sarah in order to form an alliance with Abraham, whom he undoubtedly regards as a powerful nomad prince. Fortunately, God intervenes before any doubt can be cast upon the paternity of the son whom Sarah will soon bear to Abraham. Not so fortunately, there continues to be doubt cast upon the character of this great man of faith. Despite all his outstanding qualities, Abraham appears to have a tendency toward deception. Interestingly enough, that same character flaw will be seen again in his son and grandsons. It simply stands as a warning that even men and women of faith can lapse into great sin. If there is any encouragement, however, it is in knowing that while there is bad in the best of mankind, there is also good in the worst. As a Canaanite, Abimelek is not a believer in the true God, and undoubtedly engages in common heathen practices. Yet he asserts in his defense to God that he has acted in good conscience, even if he is somehow still guilty in God’s eyes; then he responds to divine rebuke with repentance, generosity, and kindness. Why Abraham is in the territory of Gerar in the first place is unknown. Perhaps it is at the direction of God, or simply because Abraham’s herds and flocks need more pastureland than he can find for them in Mamre.
以撒的诞生-The Birth of Isaac
It cannot be long after this bittersweet experience with Abimelek that Sarah conceives a child by Abraham. Even during a period of extended lifespans, with Abraham at 100 and Sarah at 90 years of age, in human terms childbirth would have been impossible. Sarah herself is clearly astonished, for she and Abraham have waited 25 years for this promised son—sometimes fully believing, sometimes filled with doubt and outright disbelief.
The song of joy which Sarah sings at Isaac’s birth is a happy prelude to what a much younger Hebrew mother in another age to come will sing in joyous anticipation of her promised son—the true spiritual heir to Abraham.
亚伯拉罕和亚比米勒解决争端-Abraham and Abimelek Settle Dispute
In the time which has passed since Abraham came into the land ruled by Abimelek, Abraham has greatly prospered, not only in having a son born in his old age, but also in the increase of his flocks and herds. It is only natural, then, that Abimelek should become concerned about Abraham’s growing power. The Genesis account records Abimelek’s diplomatic move to protect his own political position by entering into a treaty of mutual peace with Abraham. A brief account follows of how Abraham and Abimelek implement the spirit of the treaty in resolving a dispute over a well. The significance of the agreement lies in the extreme importance of water sources in such a desert area.
Even in modern times the city of Beersheba, meaning Well of Seven or Well of the Oath, stands as a tribute to the amicable attitude with which these two men defused a potentially explosive situation.
驱逐夏甲和以实玛利-Expulsion of Hagar and Ishmael
Probably three years have passed since Isaac was born, and it is the time of Isaac’s weaning. The customary feast at the time of a child’s weaning is normally an occasion for celebration. But the feast for Isaac becomes an occasion for resentment. Sarah knows that Ishmael, now a lad of 17, is mocking young Isaac, and that he also represents a threat to Isaac’s right of inheritance. It is therefore Sarah’s wish that Abraham cast out Ishmael, along with his mother, Hagar. Naturally Abraham is reluctant to do this, not only because of his natural ties to Ishmael, but also because of the customary law of his day which forbids the expulsion of a slave wife and her children. But God, for his own reasons, instructs Abraham to do as Sarah has requested, and Abraham makes the painful separation. As Ishmael and his mother wander through the desert region, and their supply of water finally runs out, Hagar lapses into despair. Although 17 years old, Ishmael evidently is still immature and very much dependent upon Hagar. The picture is that both Hagar and the boy are sitting in the desert, sobbing at their imminent death. But God responds to Ishmael’s crying by providing a well of water, and he reassures Hagar that Ishmael will be the father of a nation. The account begins as Isaac grows from infancy into early childhood.
Smith, F. LaGard. The Daily Bible® - In Chronological Order (NIV®) . Harvest House Publishers. Kindle 版本.